Affect: observable emotion
AT: assistive technology (general term for devices that enable a person to perform tasks they were formerly unable to accomplish)
AYP: adequate yearly progress
BD: behavioral disorders
BIP : behavior intervention plan. this is a plan of positive interactions to help a child choose behavior more conducive to a classroom environment.
CFR: code of federal regulations
Domain: just means an area of activity, such as Hearing, Vision, Social Emotional Functioning, Academic, General Intelligence, Communication and Motor Skills
ESY: extended school year services (summer school)
FAPE: free appropriate public education, defined as: special education and related services provided in conformity with an IEP; are without charge; and meets standards of the SEA
FERPA: Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (statue about confidentiality and access to education records)
High incidence disabilities include speech and language impairments, specific learning disabilities e.g. ADHD, mild/moderate cognitive disabilities (formerly known as mental retardation), emotional or behavioral disorders.
IAA: Illinois Alternate Assessment (testing required by the states of all students in the public education system)
IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act www.idea.ed.gov
ISAT: Illinois Standards Achievement Test evaluates all students in Illinois using the Illinois Leaning Standards.
ISBE: Illinois State Board of Education www.isbe.state.il.us
Low Incidence: basically means disabilities that occur infrequently in a community. Disabilities in this category would include low vision, blindness, deafness, hard-of-hearing, deaf-blindness, significant developmental delay, complex health issues, serious physical impairment, multiple disability, autism. Low incidence disabilities do not exceed 1% of the school-aged population.
LRE: Least Restrictive Environment: the setting which gives students with disabilities a place to learn to the best of their ability and also have contact with children without disabilities.
Multiple means of engagement: to tap into students’ interests, offer appropriate challenges and increase motivation.
Multiple means of expression: providing students alternatives for demonstrating what they know.
Multiple means of representation: to give student various ways of acquiring information and knowledge
NCLB: no child left behind – a federal law with requirements nationwide for all students
OT: occupational therapy (therapy to help a child with fine motor and sensory integration)
Perseverate: to repeat an activity to an extreme that it interferes with other activities.
Related services: services provided at school other than teaching, e.g. speech therapy, occupational therapy, counseling, mobility services, social work, parent counseling, recreation, etc.
Remediation: instruction and practice of weak or non-existent skills in order to develop and strengthen those skills.
SEA: State Education Agency (state board of education)
self-contained classroom: classroom specifically for special education students
UDL: Universal Design for Learning, using the three “multiple means” listed above.