Acronyms and definitions


Affect:  observable emotion

AT: assistive technology (general term for devices that enable a person to perform tasks they were formerly unable to accomplish)

AYP: adequate yearly progress

BD: behavioral disorders

BIP : behavior intervention plan.  this is a plan of positive interactions to help a child choose behavior more conducive to a classroom environment.

CFR: code of federal regulations

Domain: just means an area of activity, such as Hearing, Vision, Social Emotional Functioning, Academic, General Intelligence, Communication and Motor Skills

ESY:  extended school year services (summer school)

FAPE: free appropriate public education, defined as: special education and related services provided in conformity with an IEP; are without charge; and meets standards of the SEA

FERPA: Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (statue about confidentiality and access to education records)

High incidence disabilities include speech and language impairments, specific learning disabilities e.g. ADHD, mild/moderate cognitive disabilities (formerly known as mental retardation), emotional or behavioral disorders.

IAA:  Illinois Alternate Assessment (testing required by the states of all students in the public education system)

IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act    www.idea.ed.gov 

ISAT:  Illinois Standards Achievement Test  evaluates all students in Illinois using the Illinois Leaning Standards. 

ISBE:  Illinois State Board of Education  www.isbe.state.il.us

Low Incidence: basically means disabilities that occur infrequently in a community. Disabilities in this category would include low vision, blindness, deafness, hard-of-hearing, deaf-blindness, significant developmental delay, complex health issues, serious physical impairment, multiple disability, autism. Low incidence disabilities do not exceed 1% of the school-aged population. 

LRE: Least Restrictive Environment:  the setting which gives students with disabilities a place to learn to the best of their ability and also have contact with children without disabilities.

Multiple means of engagement: to tap into students’ interests, offer appropriate challenges and increase motivation. 

Multiple means of expression:  providing students alternatives for demonstrating what they know.

Multiple means of representation:  to give student various ways of acquiring information and knowledge

NCLB: no child left behind – a federal law with requirements nationwide for all students

OT: occupational therapy (therapy to help a child with fine motor and sensory integration)

Perseverate: to repeat an activity to an extreme that it interferes with other activities.

Related services:  services provided at school other than teaching, e.g. speech therapy, occupational therapy, counseling, mobility services, social work, parent counseling, recreation,  etc.

Remediation: instruction and practice of weak or non-existent skills in order to develop and strengthen those skills.

SEA: State Education Agency (state board of education)

self-contained classroom: classroom specifically for special education students

UDL:  Universal Design for Learning, using the three “multiple means” listed above.

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